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Halo Warbonnet

Halo Warbonnet

Medium: eagle feathers, textile, beads, ermine, and hair
Credit Line:Gift, Mrs. Fred Cardin
Object number: 1967.269.1

The Assiniboine, also known as the Nakota, are  a First Nations/Native American people originally from the Northern Great Plains of North America. The Assiniboine, along with the Stoney of Alberta, share a common ancestry with the Sioux nation. At the height of their power, the Assiniboine dominated territory that included portions of modern-day Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Manitoba, Canada; as well as North Dakota and Montana in the United States.

This war bonnet was owned and worn by William Frederick Cardin, Pejawah (Big Cat) of the Miami Quapaws of Oklahoma.  A resident of Reading, PA, he was a local musician, Director of Instrumental Music at Reading High School, and Conductor of the Ringgold Band. He died in 1960.

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